5 Components of Physical Fitness

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The 5 components of physical fitness are cardiovascular fitness, muscle endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and body composition. See their definitions below and click the links to read articles about each of the 5 components.

  1. Cardiovascular Fitness - or aerobic fitness - involves how efficiently one’s system takes in, transports, and utilizes oxygen in the muscles and other tissues during exercise or physical exertion. The key component of cardiovascular fitness has to do with efficient oxygen utilization.

  2. Muscle Endurance is the ability to sustain muscular contractions.

  3. Muscular Strength is the maximal force that can be exerted in a single voluntary contraction.

  4. Flexibility is the range of motion through which the limbs are able to move.

  5. Body Composition is the body’s relative amounts of fat and lean tissue as compared with body weight.

Click on each link above to learn the specifics about the 5 components of physical fitness and how to burn fat and build lean muscle. Check out a few of the exercises and video demonstrations to start building an exercise routine that gets and keeps your body fit!

Resources: Sharkey, Brian J., and Steven E. Gaskill,. Fitness & Health. 6th ed. Illinois : Human Kinetics, 2007. Print.

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